Treatment protocol for burn victims
Just in case you were wondering how burn victims need to be treated, we’re offering you a glimpse into the official therapeutic protocol for this type of injury:
- Evaluating the respiratory ways, when the patient has burns of the face/neck. Generally speaking, intubation is only needed for patients that are unconscious or hypoxic, who have inhaled a lot of smoke or who have face and neck burns. All patients with severe burns should receive additional oxygen for 24 hours.
- Evaluating the circulatory system – stopping any external bleedings and identifying potential sources for internal bleeding.
- Removing all heat sources and cooling the wounds that have occurred within the past 3 hours, then covering the patient with a sheet in order to prevent hypothermia.
- Estimating the burn percentage out of the total surface of the body.
- Evaluating the excretion, by monitoring the urine flow (if the urine turns reddish or purple, it can be a sign of renal failure).
- Inserting a nasogastric tube for any patient with burns on more than 30% of his/her body surface or any patient who is unconscious, in shock or has burns on more than 20% of his/her body surface, if being prepared for transport.
- Making decompression incisions, if and when they are necessary.
- Administering the appropriate medication.
- Dressing the wounds.
23.11.2015 Nu sunt comentarii