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Treatment protocol for burn victims

Just in case you were wondering how burn victims need to be treated, we’re offering you a glimpse into the official therapeutic protocol for this type of injury:

 

  1. Evaluating the respiratory ways, when the patient has burns of the face/neck. Generally speaking, intubation is only needed for patients that are unconscious or hypoxic, who have inhaled a lot of smoke or who have face and neck burns. All patients with severe burns should receive additional oxygen for 24 hours.

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  1. Evaluating the circulatory system – stopping any external bleedings and identifying potential sources for internal bleeding.

 

  1. Removing all heat sources and cooling the wounds that have occurred within the past 3 hours, then covering the patient with a sheet in order to prevent hypothermia.

 

  1. Estimating the burn percentage out of the total surface of the body.

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  1. Evaluating the excretion, by monitoring the urine flow (if the urine turns reddish or purple, it can be a sign of renal failure).

 

  1. Inserting a nasogastric tube for any patient with burns on more than 30% of his/her body surface or any patient who is unconscious, in shock or has burns on more than 20% of his/her body surface, if being prepared for transport.

 

  1. Making decompression incisions, if and when they are necessary.

 

  1. Administering the appropriate medication.

 

  1. Dressing the wounds.

 

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